Statewatch article: RefNo# 33566
EU: Europol lists lock-ons, blockades, demonstrations and parades under "violent extremism"
Statewatch News Online, May 2014
See: TE-SAT 2014: European Union terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2014 (Large pdf). Alongside reports on terroriism the following is included:

"Violent extremist activities" [emphasis in original, p36]

Violent left-wing and anarchist extremist groups exploit traditional left-wing causes, such as anti-fascism and antiracism (particularly as regards asylum issues), to engage in violent protest. During such protests, criminal damage, blockades and ‘lock-ons’ [footnote 32] are typical tactics and, on occasion, more serious offences such as arson have occurred.

In Italy, the ongoing economic crisis has been exploited by left-wing extremists and used as an opportunity to carry out significant recruitment activities. In particular, they have focused on issues connected to housing and evictions and intensified their efforts to attract immigrants. Demonstrations, parades and anti-eviction sit-ins, to draw attention to issues relating to the occupation of empty public and private buildings, were held in several Italian cities."

Footnote 32 states: "32 ‘Lock-ons’ refer to instances in which protesters lock themselves to the location of their protest, using handcuffs, chains, padlocks or bicycle locks, in an effort to make it difficult to remove them."

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